Return to Top
2014 - 2015
- Dr. Iwao Asakura gave a lecture-recital on the music of Akira Ifkuba at the international meeting of the College Music Society in Helsinki and participated in the Song Collaborators Consortia at West Texas A&M in March 2015. He also performed a solo recital at Tarleton, and he appeared as a soloist in several major concerts on campus, most notably Orff's Carmina Burana in April 2015 and Handel's Messiah with the Fort Worth Symphony Orchestra in December 2014.
- Dr. Teresa Davidian completed a university-level textbook, entitled Counterpoint for the 21st Century: An Introduction. The book was published in February 2015 by Rowman & Littlefield.
- Megan Ehrhart's work as been presented at several festival screenings, including: Wellington Underground Film Festival in New Zealand; Cinewest Experimental Underground International Film Festival in Auburn, Australia; Animac'14, Mostra Internacional de Cinema d'Animacio in Barcelona, Spain; Filmmiunte 2015 in London, England; ALCINE, Festival de Cine de Alcalá de Henares in Madrid, Spain; and Les Instants Vidéo Numériques et Poétiques in Marsaille, France.
- Tim Harding has had his original work displayed in a number of art exhibitions, including: Studio Visit 1.2 at Cris Worley Fine Art in Dallas; On Paper at Ro2 Art in Dallas; Telephone at 500X Gallery in Dallas; Ripe Produce at 500x Gallery in Dallas; and Private Practice at Artspace 111 in Fort Worth.
- This past year, Dr. Heather Hawk was a national semifinalist in the Opera Birmingham Vocal Competition. She also gave a solo recital at Tarleton and appeared as a soloist in several major concerts on campus, most notably Orff's Carmina Burana in April 2015 and Handel's Messiah with the Fort Worth Symphony Orchestra in December 2014.
- Kim Hagelstein performed another season with the Waco Symphony Orchestra and the Lone Star Wind Orchestra. She traveled with the latter ensemble to San Jose, California in July where they performed as a featured ensemble at the 2015 WASBE Conference. Kim also joined the professional "Decadence" horn ensemble for TCU Horn Fest and performed as a solist with the TSU Wind Ensemble at the holiday "Collage" concert and on the faculty showcase recital for Tarleton's Brass Day.
- Participation in group exhibition is Mr. Knut Hybinette's primary creative activity. Last year, his original work was exhibited in twelve major international animation and film festivals. His work was included in: 2015 Euro Film Festival in Madrid, Spain; Les Instants Vidéo Numériques et Poétiques in Marsaille, France; 2300 Plan 9, 16 edition the Les Etranges' Nuits du Cinema in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland; Wellington Underground Film Festival in Wellington, New Zealand; ALCINE, Festival de Cine de Alcalá de Henares in Madrid, Spain; Filmmiunte 2015 in London, England; ARRAAGOUC, Art to Awareness of Armenian Genocide and Other Unpunished Crimes in Paris, France; 27th Festival Les Instants Video in Paris, France; Cinewest, Experimental International Film Festival in Auburn, Australia; and the Vector Game and Art Convergence Festival in Toronto, Canada.
- Mr. Chris Ireland had one solo exhibition, titled As We Go Up, We Go Down at Clark Regional Airport in Stephenville, Texas. He was also invited to exhibit original artwork in three group exhibitions: the 125 Mile Exhibition in Denton, Texas (for which he was voted the Smith Award winner for excellence in photography); the Flint Projection Festival in Flint, Michigan; and Landscape Today, at the State University of New York at Geneso. Chris Irelands' work was chosed from the exhibition Punctum at the Photographic Center Northwest in Seattle, Washington and the exhibition Memories, Histories, Stories at the Center for Fine Art Photography in Fort Collins, Colorado, among others. His work was also selected for the 2015 Texas National exhibition at Sam Houston State University. He has presented his research at the Society of Photographic Education South Center Conference in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, as well as at the Southeast College Art Conferene in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 2016, he has been elected to serve as a board member for the Texas Photographic Society.
- Dr. Vicky C. Johnson's scholarly activities this past year include three articles: "The Relevance of Music Theory Concepts and Skills as Perceived by In-service Music Educators," which was published by Visions of Research in Music Education in December 2014; "Pre-Service Music Teachers' Social Skills: Are They Really Prepared?," published in Update: Applications of Research in Music Education in May 2014; and "The Relevance of Music Theory Concepts and Skills as Perceived by In-service Music Educators" in Visions of Research in Music Education (December 2014). Dr. Johnson also presented at the College of Music Society National Conference in November 2014 and at the CMS South Central Region Conference in March of 2015.
- Dymtro Perevertailenko gave solo performances/recitals at the International Clarinet Association ClarinetFest in Baton Rouge, Louisiana in August 2014 and Madrid, Spain in July 2015. He performed with the Tarleton Wind Ensemble on John Mackey's Concerto for Soprano Saxophone in November 2014 and gave a solo performance with the Tarleton Choir on the Holiday Collage Concert in December 2014. In addition, Dr. Perevertailenko gave a joint faculty recital at Tarleton in April 2015 with Dr. Wade-English. In November 2015, he served as a judge for the Music Teachers National Association/Texas Music Teachers Association State Competition in Nacogdoches, Texas. Dymtro will give a solo performance with the Tarleton Wind Ensemble on November 15, 2015 and, during the recruiting trip on November 12 - 13 (Il Convegno for Two Clarinets and Wind Band). Guest artists invited by him onto the TSU campus include Dr. Marie Ross (November 2014), Dr. Tomas Kmiecik (March 2015), the Madera Wind Quintet (October 2015), and Dr. Patricia Card (November 2015).
- Greg Ball presented a recital on campus with Brian Walker in September 2014 which included Jean Rivier's Concerto for Alto Saxophone and Trumpet. He was also the featured soloist with the Wind Ensemble on John Mackey's Concerto for Soprano Saxophone with the composer in attendance. In January, he was featured with the Abilene Philharmonic on Ravel's Bolero. He was the clinician for the Region 7 ATSSB All-Region Jazz Band and Region 8 Junior High All-Region Jazz Band. He also served as a clinician for the Tarrant County College Jazz Festival in May. This year's Tarleton Jazz Festival featured international recording artist Wycliffe Gordon performing with the Tarleton Jazz Ensemble. In addition to their regularly scheduled performances on campus, Mr. Ball and the Jazz Ensemble performed twice at the Live Oak Music Hall in Fort Worth and at Revolver Brewing in Granbury. He continues to serve as the organizer of the All-State Jazz Auditions and serves on the Board of Directors for the Texas Jazz Educators Association. He also wrote an article for Teaching Music Through Performance in Jazz, Vol. 2, published by GIA Publications. The article is a performance guide for the Duke Ellington composition Riding on a Blue Note. The book is due to be released December 2015.
- Dr. Anthony Pursell completed three original arrangements: Tarleton Forever, Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 2 in C Minor; and TVoicethree Neapolitan Songs for Winds and Solo Voice. He also authored five articles for The Instrumentalist Magazine.
- Dr. Leslie Spotz performed solo recitals at the Dallas Public Library, Indiana Wesleyan University, and in New York City at the Tenri Cultural Institute. She was soloist with the Tarleton Chamber Wind Ensemble in Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 2 with Dr. Anthony Pursell, Director of Bands, conducting. Her collaborative concerts included performing with the Abilene Chamber Players and with violinist Reginaldo Nascimento at Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene, Texas and at Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. She and Dr. Heather Hawk performed at Tarleton State University. That performance included the Erath County premiere of Libby Larsen's Try Me, Good King. Spotz's five CD recording for the International Piano Performance Examination Committee, Taiwan R.O.C., 2016 - 2018, along with a companion instruction booklet, is presently being distributed through Taiwan and Southeast Asia.
- Two of Dr. Troy Robertson's original compositions are now under contract: In Meeting We Are Blessed and Love's Fool. Another composition, Our Tribe, has been commissioned by Vanderbilt University. His compositions have been performed in several different venues this year, including: The Creation, an Oratorio in Three Parts by Franz Josef Haydn, and Uriel the Angel, tenor, on May 9, 2015 with the Garden Community Choir, the Orange County High School Choirs, and the Orlando Symphony Orchestra, Jeff Redding, conductor; an October 21, 2014 performance of This Mystery by the University of Northern Iowa Singers in Cedar Falls, Iowa; and an October 25, 2014 performance of the commissioned piece We Are the Music Makers, which was an original work for the Festival Singers of Florida, in Orlando, Florida. He also served as the NYSSMA Region 6 Honor Choir Clinician in Champlain, New York.
- Dr. Brian Walker's creative accomplishments include a joint faculty recital, a performance and master class at Virginia Tech University, multiple performances with the South Arkansas and San Angelo Symphonies, and two articles published in the International Trumpet Guild (ITG) Journal.
2013 - 2014
- Iwao Asakura gave a lecture-recital, "Analysis of the Song Set Five Fragments by Ikuma Dan" at the Great Plains Regional Conference of the College Music Society, held this past year at William Jewell College in Missouri. He also gave a solo performance in the 31st New Year's Gathering of the Dallas Japanese Association, performed as bass soloist for Mozart's Requiem with the Tarleton State University Choral Program, and gave a faculty recital in February with Masako Narikawa, piano and Greg Ball, oboe.
- Teresa Davidian completed a university-level textbook, entitled Counterpoint for the 21st Century: An Introduction, to be published in February 2015 by Rowman and Littlefield.
- This past year Heather Hawk presented a lecture-recital at Tarleton State as well as at a professional conference, the Texoma National Association of Teachers of Singing Conference; traveled to Boston, Massachusetts to participate in a national competition, the Classical Singer Competition, making it to the fourth and final round; served as a soloist for the Wind Ensemble's Carnegie Hall performance; and participated as a soloist at the Texas A&M Technology conference.
- Knut Hybinette participated in two international shows, one in Trinidad and the other in England (for which he received a first place award). His video game, Alien Invasions, was presented at the White House in Washington, D.C.
- Chris Ireland exhibited his work at 500x Gallery (Dallas, TX), Blackfish Gallery (Portland, OR) and the State University of New York. He has presented his research at the Texas Association of Schools of Art conference in Houston, TX, the Mid America College Art Association in San Antonio, TX, and the Foundations of Art, Theory, and Education conference in Indianapolis, IN.
- Vicky Johnson's article, "Pre-Service Music Teachers' Social Skills: Are they Really Prepared?" was published in UPDATE: Applications of Research in Music Education in Spring 2014. This past year also saw the publication of a composition for children by Dr. Johnson in Music K-8, a magazine and resource for teachers.
- Melinda Wade-English completed her degree of Doctorate of Musical Arts at Texas Tech University. She served as clinician for the Texas Flute Society and was selected to be an Interdisciplinary Teacher Artist for the Lubbock Symphony Orchestra. She also performed flute and piccolo with the Roswell and Hobbs Symphonies.
- Kim Hagelstein performed another season with the Waco Symphony and the Lone Star Wind Orchestra and performed on the faculty showcase recital for Tarleton's Brass Day. She also maintained a private horn studio and taught master classes at area schools. However, her biggest accomplishment was welcoming Phillip Alton Hagelstein to her family in September 2013!
- Timothy Harding participated in Drawn In/Drawn Out at the Grace Museum in Abilene, TX along with exhibitions at venues including the Dallas Contemporary, The Power Station, and 500X Gallery. Additionally, he participated in a Tuesday Evening Lecture at the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth about the collective Homecoming! Committee (he is a founding member), they contributed to DallasSites: Charting Contemporary Art 1963 to Present at the Dallas Museum of Art with their interactive installation Post Communique.
- Prudence Jones served as Scenic Designer and Lighting Designer for Gee's Bend, a play presented by the African American Repertory Theater.
- Troy Robertson worked as a clinician or adjudicator in multiple schools around the state of Texas, including serving as the TMEA Region 2 Clinician in Denton, Texas. Dr. Robertson completed three original compositions for choir, "How Should we Fear the Seasons" for the Case Western Reserve University Singers, Matthew Garrett, conductor; an arrangement of "God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen" for the San Jose State University Choral Program, Jeffrey Beason, conductor; and "In Meeting we Are Blessed" for the Festival Singers of Florida and the Nairobi Chamber Chorus, Kevin Fenton and Ken Wakia, conductors. Some of Dr. Robertson's other compositions were performed in concerts in Oregon, New York, Kansas, and Tennessee. Dr Robertson and the Chamber Choir also toured in the Dallas-Fort Worth area in April, visiting Legacy, Burleson, Northwest, Juan Sequin, and Central High Schools.
- Leslie Spotz performed solo recitals in Brazil, including Sao Paulo, during summer 2014, and on the "American Piano Masters" Piano Series of the Southern University in Baton Rouge, LA, in November 2013 and in March 2014, at the Church of the Heavenly Rest Chamber Music Concert Series, in Abilene, TX. She performed with Dr. Peter Isaacson, violin, at the Dallas Public Library and at Hardin-Simmons University in February 2014.
- Brian Walker was invited to perform at three international conferences, and gave master classes and solo recitals at Texas A&M Commerce and the University of Central Arkansas. Dr. Walker kept active as a professional performer by playing with the San Angelo Symphony (third trumpet), the South Arkansas Symphony, and in the DFW Metroplex.
- Two articles by Gary Westbrook were published this past year, one in The Instrumentalist and the other in the International Journal of Arts and Commerce.
2012 - 2013
- Iwao Asakura performed the role of Nicia in Telmann's Der Geduldige Socrates at the Amherst Early Music Festival 2012 Concert Series in New London, CT (July 13, 2012), and gave a solo recital for the 2012 Japan-America Grassroots Summit sponsored by Japan-America Society of Dallas/Fort Worth in Glen Rose, TX.
- Greg Ball served as president of the Texas Jazz Educators Association this past year and has just been elected to the Board of Directors for the same organization. He also served as the director/clinician for the UIL Region 8 All-Region Jazz Band in Temple, TX and the ATSSB Region 16 All-Region Jazz Band in Abilene, TX. He was guest soloist at Decatur High Schools' "Night of Jazz."
- Trevor Culp was invited as a Fellow for the Festival of Contemporary Music at the Tanglewood Music Center. With Lyric Stage of Irving, TX, he played tuba for the musical Pleasures and Palaces. He also performed with the Tulsa Symphony, playing second tuba for Roy Harris' Symphony No. 3.
- Teresa Davidian presented a paper on the influence and reception history of French composer Claude Debussy in Japan at the Envoicing the Other symposium at the University of Glasgow, Scotland. She was also appointed an Associate Editor of journal Analytical Approaches to World Music.
- In addition to playing Second Horn with the Waco Symphony Orchestra, Kim Hagelstein performed with the Lone Star Wind Orchestra under the batons of Leonard Slatkin and Eugene Corporon at the Midwest Band and Orchestra Clinic in Chicago in December and was part of a horn quartet that was featured with the same ensemble in January. She also played several movements of the Brahms' Horn Trio with Strings Attached at TSU in January and performed as regional artist at the Mid-South Horn Workshop in Canyon, Texas in March.
- In November, Heather Hawk competed in a tri-state competition (NATS Singer of the Year) and won first place. She also completed all requirements for the Doctoral of Music Arts degree in performance from the University of North Texas.
- Chris Ireland exhibition his work in the Rio Brazos Exhibition (for which he received the Jurors' Merit Award), as well as in Dallas and New York. He also participated on a panel discussion about social media at a conference of the National Foundations of Art, Theory, and Education in Savannah, GA; and gave a presentation at the Texas Social Media Institute Conference at Tarleton State.
- Director of Bands Anthony Pursell published several articles for The Instrumentalist Magazine that ranged in topics from adjudication to conducting. Along with instrumental faculty, the band program will release a CD entitled Pastiche, which will feature each of the instrumental program's large ensembles and multiple chamber ensembles. In April 2014, the Wind Ensemble will perform in iconic Carnegie Hall in New York City.
- Leslie Spotz performed as a soloist with the University of Texas - San Antonio Symphony under the direction of Tarleton alumnus Matthew Lovelace in March 2013. In June she performed with soprano Dr. Marika Kyriakos for the Texas Music Teachers Association Convention and in Buenes Aires, Argentina for the College Music Society. She was guest artist in Milan, Italy as part of the Abilene Chamber Players Italian tour, and performances included the Conservatorio di Milano Guiseppe Verdi, and the Fondazione Ambrosianeum. Faculty and Guest, cello and piano recital, was with Kristin Isaacson, at Hardin Simmons University in November 2012, and her recital with Tarleton trumpet faculty Dr. Brian Walker was in February 2013.
- Brian Walker performed and presented a masterclass at the GURI project (Conservatory) in Sao Paulo, Brazil; and performed, taught, and oversaw organization activities at the CICA International Music Festival held this year in Dallas, TX. (Tarleton trumpet student Stephen Braack was a recipient of a full scholarship at this festival.) He also performed at the 2013 International Trumpet Guild Conference and will continue to contribute to the International Trumpet Guild Journal for the 2013 - 2014 year in the Music Reviews section. He also performed multiple times with the San Angelo and South Arkansas Symphonies, presented a faculty recital at Tarleton State, performed with the Tarleton Jazz Ensemble and Symphonic Band as soloist, and performed and presented masterclasses at fourteen local and regional high schools.
2011 - 2012
- Iwao Asakura performed the role of Nicia in Georg Philipp Telemann's opera Der Geduldige Socrates (The Patient Socrates) for the Amherst Early Music Festival in New London, Connecticut; the baritone solo of Faure's Requiem for the Hot Springs Music Festival in Arkansas; and recitals at Singers Consortia Art Song Festival at West Texas A&M University in Canyon Texas. He also produced and performed a A Song Recital of Far East as a part of 2011 TSU International Week.
- Sondra Jones Brudnak, Assistant Principal 2nd Violin of the Dallas Opera Orchestra, coordinated and performed on the Strings Attached recital in January in Dallas and at Tarleton. She also founded and supports 51 Strings, which is a charitable organization consisting of a violin and harp duet that performs for nursing homes and senior citizens centers in rural Texas. this summer was her 23rd as Assistant Concertmaster of the AIMS Festival Orchestra in Graz, Austria, which is a cultural exchange program designed to train young singers who give numerous concerts throughout Austria.
- During the Fall 2011 semester, Teresa Davidian received an Organized Research Grant to analyze and write about the composer Claude Debussy's legacy in Japan during the interwar period. She also received a university grant to develop and pilot an applied learning experience in undergraduate research on Debussy, Japan, and exoticism.
- Ronda Eldridge performed as the Fall Guest Artist at Central Texas College in Killeen and presented a paper to the staff and patients at the Waco VA Medical Center PTSD Combat Clinic entitled "Healing and Creativity Through Music: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Combat Veterans." She was also selected as the guest conductor for the Texas Advanced Flute Choir at the 2012 Texas State Flute Festival in Denton. The 2012 Advanced Flute Choir consisted of more that 80 flutists from throughout Texas on flute, piccolo, alto flute, and bass flute.
- Kim Hagelstein performed as a soloist at the Mid-South Horn Workshop in Conway, Arkansas and the International Horn Symposium in Denton, Texas and presented a faculty recital at Tarleton State University. With the Lone Star Wind Orchestra, Kim performed in a collaborative concert with the US Army Chorus and the Turtle Creek Chorale and traveled to Fort Smith, Arkansas to perform at the Arkansas Bandmasters' Association Convention. Finally, after serving as Acting Third Horn in the Waco Symphony Orchestra during the 2011 - 2012 season, Kim won the audition for the permanent Second Horn position with that orchestra in August.
- Troy Robertson conducted the Young People's Chorus of New York City in performance in Carnegie Hall as part of the annual Transient Glory Symposium. He also presented a session on improvisation and composition to the Georgia American Choral Directors' Association.
- Leslie Spotz performed chamber music in London, England; a solo lecture/recital at Austing Community College; several solo recitals in Taiwan; and a solo faculty recital at Tarleton. Dr. Spotz also performed with soprano Dr. Marika Kyriakos at the Arkansas State Music Teachers Association Conference at Arkansas State University and with Dr. Iwao Asakura for the Japan-American Grassroots Summit in Glen Rose, Texas. She performed joint recitals with Dr. Bryan Appleby-Windeberg, with Ronda Eldridge, and with the Abilene Chamber Players. She also performed at the Abilene Summer Music Festival and was elected to the board of directors of the Texas Music Teachers Association.
2010 - 2011
- Iwao Asakura participated in a faculty recital at Tarleton, gave a solo performance as part of a concert series in Cambridge, UK; and presented a lecture recital at the NATS (National Association of Teachers of Singing) Texoma Regional Conference in Abilene.
- Teresa Davidian traveled with Marilyn Robitaille from the Department of English and Languages to Moscow, Russian Federation, to help create a collaborative partnership between Lomonosov State University and Tarleton. While in Moscow, they gave presentations at an international congress entitled Arts and Science of Arts: Practice and Theory.
- Ronda Eldridge is currently working with musicologist Summer Benton Nickerson and flutist Charlene Gilstrap on a CD titled "The American Hymn Tune Project," which will consist of arrangements of American hymn tunes for a variety of flute ensembles and which will give detailed historical information on those tunes. Ronda's collaborative CD muse: Flute Music by Christopher Caliendo is currently featured on the Caliendo World Music Publishing website and is in worldwide distribution.
- Heather Hawk participated in a joint recital of Brahms' Liebslieder Walzes at the University of North Texas. In addition, she was selected to sing in a special concert of American composer Jake Heggie's works at the University of North Texas.
- Kimberly Rooney Hagelstein recorded a new CD with the Lone Star Wind Orchestra under the direction of Eugene Corporon; Converging Cultures, which will be released in February 2012. Dr. Hagelstein also joined the German/American brass ensemble Eurobrass for the ninth summer, this time for a three and a half week tour in the United States.
- Chris Ireland exhibited his artwork at the Cross Timbers Fine Arts Council in Stephenville; the Texas Association of Schools of Art (TASA) convention in Austin; the climate/gallery in Long Island City, NY; the South Shore Art Center in Cohasset, MA; and the Brazos Gallery at Richard Community College in Dallas. At the last-mentioned exhibit (entitled Water: More or Less), one of Chris' artworks was voted Best in Show. At the climate/gallery exhibit, one of his artworks was selected to be displayed permanently there.
- Anthony Pursell conducted the University of Nebraska-Omaha Symphonic Wind Ensemble, and the Region VII Concert Band in Aledo. He also gave a presentation at the recent convention of the Texas Music Educators Association.
- Leslie Spotz performed a lecture-recital of Rachmaninoff's Sonata for Cello and Piano at the 2011 Texas Music Teachers Association Convention in Arlington; gave solo recitals in Berlin, Germany at the famous Heilig-Kreuz-Kirche and the Dallas Public Library; was a guest soloist at Hardin Simmons University in Abilene; and gave a joint recital with Iwao Asakura at the National Association of Teachers of Singing Conference and with Cara Pollard and John Irish. She also participated in the Abilene Summer Music Festival and the Abilene Chamber Music Players Performance.
- Charles Rives conducted the Cross Timbers Civic Chorale with the Fort Worth Symphony Orchestra for the Messiah concert this past December.
- Gary Westbrook presented a paper titled "NCAA Provisions for Athletic Bands" at the 2010 Athletic Band Symposium in Louisville, Kentucky.
2009 - 2010
- Dr. Kimberly Rooney, music adjunct in the Department of Fine Arts, toured Germany with the brass ensemble Eurobrass. They recorded a new c.d., Wurdig ist der Herr, which was released in September.
- Dr. Gary Westbrook, Tarleton's Director of Athletic Bands, was asked to judge at the Parkway Marching Band Concert. He also presented at the CBDNA Athletic Band Symposium in Louisville, Kentucky. The topic was NCAA Provisions for Athletic Bands. Dr. Westbrook and the Percussion Club have also just agreed to participate in a consortium for a new percussion piece to be written.
- Jeanene Ioppolo Johnson, music adjunct in the Department of Fine Arts, has had the privilege of recording many short film scores with DFW composer Douglas Edward, and recently completed her first full-featured film score. One of these films, Out of the Shadows, scored for clarinet and strings, won Best Film Score at the Moondance International Film Festival.
- Dr. Leslie Spotz performed and recorded over 60 solo piano works on a five-CD set of the entire solo piano repertoire for the International Piano Performance Examination Committee in Taiwan. She also authored a companion booklet that featured performance preparation instructions as well as pedagogical and background information on each piece.
- Dr. Charles Rives is preparing to conduct a chorus of over 100 members of the Tarleton choirs and the Stephenville Civic Chorus, along with the Fort Worth Symphony at this year's presentation of Handel's Messiah on December 4, 2010.