Foundations of Music Education

 

Lecture:

Music Learning

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Teaching and Learning are inextricably linked.

Some teachers have the philosophy that their job is only to present the information.

What do you think?  If learning has not taken place, have you taught??

 

There are many theories about how learning takes place.

Be sure to read about them in Chapter 4!

 

We are going to concentrate on a couple of concepts.

First, Bloom's Taxonomy.

 You probably remember that from your education classes.

The levels you see represent different levels of thinking

 

Here is another way to look at it with a little more detail.

BLOOM’S REVISED TAXONOMY

 

Creating

Generating new ideas, products, or ways of viewing things

Designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing.

 

Evaluating

Justifying a decision or course of action

Checking, hypothesising, critiquing, experimenting, judging

 

Analysing

Breaking information into parts to explore understandings and relationships

Comparing, organising, deconstructing, interrogating, finding 

Applying

Using information in another familiar situation

Implementing, carrying out, using, executing

 

Understanding

Explaining ideas or concepts

Interpreting, summarising, paraphrasing, classifying, explaining

Remembering

Recalling information

Recognising, listing, describing, retrieving, naming, finding

 

 

 

Notice that 'Remembering' is at the bottom of the food chain and that 'Creating' is at the top.  It is helpful to assess our classroom activities and categorize them.  Are we concentrating too much on the lower levels? 

 

Take a look at this planning guide:

Bloom's Revised Taxonomy Planning Framework

 

One pitfall for music teachers is to consider 'exploring' to be 'creating.'  You know what I mean, when we put an instrument in a student's hand, let him/her noodle around, and then call that 'improvisation.'

Hmmmm. . . . .

Creating, at least in this sense, is the highest level of thinking, so as we discuss this week, be sure to use 'creating' as a higher form than 'exploring.'

 

Now let's look at another concept:

Multiple Intelligences

 

Multiple intelligences is a theory developed by Howard Gardner.  He said that intelligence based upon IQ tests was too limited and that there are actually 8 different kinds of intelligence that we all possess to various degrees.

For an explanation of this theory, follow the link below.  Here is an example of a good use of Wikipedia.  There is a brief description of the theory and its parts.  If you scroll down to the bottom, there is an excellent bibliography.  Check it out:

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_multiple_intelligences

 

Now, take the test yourself

Multiple Intelligence Test

 

Now, what if you were to combine Bloom's taxonomy with Multiple Intelligences and apply the two to your classroom.

Here is a master chart called

Blooming Smarts Master Planning Matrix

This chart combines the different levels of thinking (Bloom's Revised Taxonomy) with the different kinds of intelligence (Multiple Intelligences).  You can use this to plan activities that incorporate all levels of thinking and all kinds of intelligence.  It will challenge your creativity, but just think of the ramifications of addressing the strengths of all of your students on every level!

 

 

 

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