Foundations of Music Education


Tarleton State University

Instructor:  Dr. Vicky V. Johnson   254/968-9238

MUSC 540  Course Outline

  Syllabus    Links    Tech Help    Assignments    Discussions    Writing

Week #

Week Dates

All are Mon-Sun

Topic for Study



@ Midnight



@ Midnight

1Aug 27 - Sep 2Introduction to Foundations of Music Education

Discussion 1

Post: Fri Aug 31

Resp.: Sun Sep 2

Assignment 1

Sun Sep 2
2Sep 3 - Sep 9History of Music Education

Discussion 2

Post: Fri Sep 7

Resp.: Sun Sep 9

Assignment 2

Sun Sep 9
3Sep 10 - Sep 16Philosophies of Music Education

Discussion 3

Post: Fri Sep 14

Resp.: Sun Sep 16

Assignment 3

Sun Sep 16
4Sep 17 - Sep 23Curriculum in Music Education

Discussion 4

Post: Fri Sep 21

Resp.: Sun Sep 23

Assignment 4

Sun Sep 23
5Sep 24 - Sep 30Learning Theories in Music Education

Discussion 5

Post: Fri Sep 28

Resp.: Sun Sep 30

Assignment 5

Sun Sep 30
6Oct 1 - Oct 7Teaching in Music Education

Discussion 6

Post: Fri Oct 5

Resp.: Sun Oct 7

Assignment 6

Sun Oct 7
7Oct 8 - Oct 14Recent Developments in Music Education

Discussion 7

Post: Fri Oct 12

Resp.: Sun Oct 14

 Sun Oct 14
8Oct 15 - Oct 21Now What?


Post: Fri Oct 19

Resp.: Sun Oct 21

Assignment 7

Final Project Paper

Sun Oct 21
9Oct 22 - Oct 28 


Post: Fri Oct 26

Resp.: Sun Oct 28

Assignment 8

Final Project PowerPoint

Sun Oct 28
10Oct 29 - Nov 4 Discussion 8 

Assignment 9

Final Project Critiques

Sun Nov 4

Week 1


Greetings online students!  


Welcome to Foundations of Music Education 


Please follow the link to review the Foundations of Music Education Syllabus which contains grading and policy information.  Let me know if you have any questions.  Unless they refer to personal matters or grading issues, a good place to ask questions is the "Ask Dr. J" section in the Discussion forum in Blackboard. 



Please read these instructions about the Discussions


On this Course Outline page, you will find links to the lecture for each week, as well as any general announcements to the class.   The animated bullets to the right will designate "action" items, so be sure you accomplish these each week.  There is an overview calendar at the top of the page for quick reference. 


Be aware that this is an organic document.  It WILL change.  You are responsible for what is on this page, not a hard copy that you printed off in the first week of the course. 


So be careful about working too far ahead as assignments and requirements may change!


Now, click in to the first lecture, and let's get started!


Lecture:  Introduction to Foundations of Music Education





If you come across mistakes in the web pages in this course or dead links, I would appreciate it if you would let me know!

Blackboard/Computer configuration

  1. Click on "My Blackboard" (upper right of your screen) to go back to the first screen.  Click on "Check Browser" and follow the instructions.

  2. Follow this link to familiarize yourself with the Blackboard interface.

  3. Then take the Blackboard Quiz. You will find it under the Assessment Tab.  You will receive a grade, but the grade will not count in the course grading system.

  4. Set your Blackboard email to forward to the email address you check most often.


    a.  In Blackboard, click "My Settings" in the upper right portion of the screen.

    b.  Select “My profile” tab and then "Edit Profile"

    c.  In the blank, provide the email address you check most often and click "Save"

    d.  Now click on “My Tool Option” tab and scroll to the Mail portion of the screen.

    e.  Select the box “Forward all mail messages to the e-mail address in my profile.”

    f.   Click Save.


There will be no reading assignment this week.  Make sure you have your textbook ready for the first reading assignment next week.  See the Syllabus (link at the top) for information about the textbook.


Assignment 1: 

Create a PowerPoint presentation with your photo and name on the first slide, then a biographical outline on subsequent slides.  Include your present status, your musical background and education, what your hopes are in music education, and any additional information you deem appropriate.  Feel free to include personal information also, including family and other significant influences in your life.  Post this by midnight on Sunday.  I will "publish" these after submission for your classmates to view next week.  This assignment will only be graded for completion and will not receive a numerical grade.


Notes on Assignment 1

Some of you may have experience using PowerPoint, but some may not.  The purpose of this assignment is two-fold:

  1. Pictures speak louder than words.  An online class depends upon interaction for an optimal learning experience.  Your biographical presentation will help us all to connect with you personally and with your unique experiences in music education.

  2. Part of your final project is a PowerPoint presentation that outlines the subject about which you have chosen to write.  Your introduction will be a 'no pressure' opportunity for you to try out this medium and to work out the kinks prior to using it in your final project.


Discussion 1: 

After reading through the first lecture, answer this question:


What questions might the alien ask about your teaching situation in your school? List at least 5.  Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Sunday (midnight).


Week 2 

Lecture:  History of Music Education


Info on Assignment 2

Although the paper does not have to be very long, you should use formal language, proper formatting, and list your sources in a bibliography at the end.  Here is a link to a page that includes some Writing tips.


The paper should be double spaced, one inch margins, and a couple of pages long.  The bibliography at the end should be formatted in APA style.  Recent versions of Word have a feature that will format the bibliography for you.  The instructions on how to use it are in the Writing tips above. 


Use the APA style of formatting.  If you use a direct quote in your paper, or refer to an original idea that is not your own, you need to cite the source.  Following the quote or the idea, you simply include the author's last name and the date of the source in parentheses.  The source can be a book, journal article, speech, web page, etc.


Example:  "I have a dream" (King, 1963).  You would include the full reference at the end of your paper in the bibliography.


A word about sources:  Use several sources.  Beware of Wikipiedia.  Some professors will not even allow their students to use Wikipiedia at all.  The concept of this tool is that anyone can post information or change what is there.  The result is that it cannot be assumed to be reliable.  Having said that, I use Wikipiedia all the time.  Often there is a terrific bibliography on the subject at the end of the Wikipiedia entry.  Use Wikipiedia as a portal.  It's a great tool if used for that purpose, but do not depend upon it as your final authority.  So, to be clear, do NOT cite Wikipiedia, but find more reliable sources from bibliographies provided on Wikipiedia pages.


Use the TSU Library link.  From there, choose 'Music.'  A few of my favorites from that page are JSTOR, IIMP (International Index to Music Periodicals) and Oxford Music Online but take a little time to browse the others.  You'll be using these resources throughout your graduate career, so get to know them!


If you have any questions, remember to use the 'Ask Dr. J' forum under 'Discussions.'  Others probably have the same questions you do.


Chapter 1


Assignment 2: 

Choose a culture outside the United States.  Do a little research and find out what their system of music education is like.  In other words, how is music taught?  How is music learned?  How is their system of music education of benefit to their culture?  Synthesize your findings into a paper that is 2-3 pages long. 


Submit your paper in Word document form.  Name the file Assignment2_YourName (substituting your name, of course ;-)  These papers will be published for your classmates to read after they are graded.  No grades or comments will appear on the papers to be read by your classmates.


Discussion 2: 

Based upon your reading in Chapter 1, answer the following question:


Music is and always was relevant, and so is teaching music. If there were no music classes in schools, people would continue to learn music in other ways. Considering the way we teach in public schools today and the curriculum we use, do you think music education in American schools is relevant to our culture today? Why or why not?


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Sunday (midnight).


Go to the Assignment tab

Click on Assignment !

Click the tab that says "Published"

View your classmates' PowerPoints!

Week 3 

Lecture:  Philosophies of Music Education


For Assignment 3


Here are some resources to get you started.


Tarleton library online databases


Access to the TSU library from off-campus locations

Make sure you read the EZProxy & VPN Connection at the bottom of the page



This is a great place to start.  You can use "aesthetic music education" and "praxial music education" and get articles from peer-reviewed journals in the music profession.  Don't forget to cite your sources and include a bibliography at the end of your paper.



Note:  When you view your papers that I have graded, make sure that you can see my comments written in the margins of your papers (not just at the end).  On your ‘Review’ tab in Word, make sure ‘Final Showing Markup’ is selected so my comments will be visible.  If you don't see the "balloons" in the margins, then you don't have it set correctly to read my comments.  It should look something like this:



Chapter 2



Assignment 3: 

There are two philosophies of music education that seem to hold opposite views:  the Aesthetic philosophy vs. the Praxial philosophy.  Do some research on your own and write a short paper explaining the differences between the two philosophies.  Conclude your paper by justifying your support for one or the other. 



Discussion 3: 

After reading the lecture material for this week, list for your discussion post:

  • List 5 of your "beliefs" about music education.

  • List 5 of your "findings" about music education.

  • List 5 of your "philosophies" about music education.

  • Construct an overall all-encompassing statement that summarizes your philosophy of music education.


In responding to your classmates' posts, analyze these lists and lend your opinion as to whether they are correctly categorized. 


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Sunday (midnight).


Week 4 

Lecture:  Curriculum in Music Education




Chapter 3

Curriculum Seminars 1-4 (Linked on Lecture page)


Assignment 4: 

Read the 4 documents in the Curriculum Seminar grid.  Pretend that you are writing a review of the curriculum articles for a scholarly journal.  You would briefly summarize or outline the project, note important points, analyze the author's intent, assess the general applicability of the curriculum seminar to classroom application, etc.  The result of your 'review' should be a paper 3-5 pages long.  Use standard APA formatting.  If you have other questions, please submit them in the "Ask Dr. J" forum as others will likely benefit from your inquiries.


Discussion 4:

Read the TEKS for Grades 5, 8, and 12.  Do you think they are realistic?  Do you think they are possible?  Are the majority of your students at the prescribed level of competency?  If not, under what circumstances would that be possible?  Any other thoughts on the states' position on curriculum and competencies? On your schools' position on curriculum and competencies?


Post by Friday (midnight) and post responses by Sunday (midnight).



Your final project will be based on a topic of your choice.

Well, almost . . .

You get to choose from 15 topics that I have chosen!

Here is the link to more information if you would like to get started early:

Final Project

Here is a comedic (but true) take on what NOT to do in PowerPoint.

Thanks, Lee!


Week 5

Lecture:  Learning Theories in Music Education




Chapter 4


Assignment 5:

Instead of an assignment this week, please follow this link to the page for your Final Project instructions.  Browse the subject titles and choose your first and second choices that you would like to research for your final project.  Submit those choices in the Assignment tab.  You don't have to attach a Word document.  Just use the comment space.  The reason for having 2 choices is that I want all of you to pick a different topic.  Everyone will get their first choice unless two of you choose the same one.  In that event, the one I receive first will get their first choice and the other will get the second choice.  Clear as mud??


Discussion 5: 

Based upon your reading and the lecture for this week, answer the following questions:

  1. Considering Bloom's Taxonomy, do you get to the top of the pyramid as much as you would like?  Remember that 'exploring' is not 'creating' in the hierarchy of levels of thinking.

  2. What was the result of your own Multiple Intelligence test?  Setting your musical score aside, what were your highest scores/lowest scores?  How do you think your strengths/weaknesses affect the way you teach music? 


Week 6


Lecture:  Teaching in Music Education


Abrahams:  "Critical Pedagogy for Music Education"


Chapter 5


Assignment 6:


Please define each of the following terms and put them into a framework of "Teaching in Music Education." In other words, how do they apply or how are they used in the teaching process.  Use other sources as well as your textbook.  For example, the definition of 'principle' given in your book uses the word "rule" in its definition, which is misleading.  Feel free to divide the terms into more than one part.  For example, 'objective' may be of more than one type.  The terms are in alphabetical order.  Please reorder them in your paper for clarity of type or function. This should be written as a formal paper in APA format. 














Submit your paper in Word document form.  Name the file Assignment6_YourName by the deadline on Sunday at midnight.

Discussion 6: 

Read the article by Abrahams.  One of the innovative notions about this experimental practice as described by the author is that the lessons were not based upon objectives.  After reading the article, share your opinion about the process described.  Then share a hypothetical example of how you might use that same process in your own classroom situation.


Post by Friday (midnight) and post responses by Sunday (midnight).


Week 7

Lecture:  Recent Developments in Music Education

Regelski:  Music Education for a Changing Society


Chapter 6

Regelski article


Work on Final Paper


Discussion 7:  

After reading Chapter 6 in your textbook, which do you think is the most significant development in music education since 1980?  Which development impacts your classroom the most?


Considering the Regelski article, how does the changing view of music education as expressed in the article change the way you see the role of music in society and in your own classroom?


Post by Friday (midnight) and post responses by Sunday (midnight).


Week 8

Now What?




Here is a helpful list of journals to use in your research


Music Research Journals




Chapter 7

Assignment 7

Your Final Project research paper is due Sunday at midnight. 

Discussion 8: 

After reading Chapter 7 in your text, read the Lehman article.  What do you think of the model for music education in the year 2020?  Is it a better system than the one we have now?  Why or why not?


Post by Friday (midnight) and post responses by Sunday (midnight).


Week 9


No lecture this week. 


Make sure your PowerPoint presentation explains clearly the basic information in your paper.  Remember:  you know your subject very well.  You have researched it.  Your readers do not have the benefit of all your reading.


Assignment 8:  PowerPoint Presentation

Be sure and review the information on the Final Project link before submitting your file.  This project is due on Sunday at midnight.


Save your document as and submit it by Sunday at midnight.




Week 10

No lecture this week.


Assignment 9:  Project Critiques

View the PowerPoint Presentations of your peers.  They are posted in the "Published" tab under "Assignments."  Read the presentations and critique them.  In a couple of paragraphs (respond to each presentation separately), give your assessment of the presentation.  Did you learn something you didn't know?  Did the presentation draw some conclusions and employ critical thinking within the specified topic area?  Did the presentation fulfill all of the requirements of the assignment as outlined on the PowerPoint Project webpage?  Post your findings under PowerPoint Critiques in the Discussion section. 




No Final Exam for this course.  When you have submitted everything, you are finished!



Blackboard/Computer Configuration


Be sure and configure your computer BEFORE you need to submit an assignment.  Take the Blackboard Orientation Quiz early so that we can troubleshoot any computer problems.


Do not try to use dial-up access for  links and streaming audio.


For tech problems and questions, go to  Tech Help  or call the Help Desk at 254/968-1960.  They are very helpful and your student fees pay for that service, so use it!



Discussion Info

Requirements and deadlines:  You will have a discussion question each week.  You should post an answer to the question by Friday at midnight.  Additional posts (responses to other students' posts) are due by Sunday at midnight.  See the discussion grading rubric below for requirement specifics.  Points will be deducted from the week's discussion grade if posted late.  Be aware that doing the bare minimum will not earn an "A."

NOTE:  You should read all posts, not just the ones to which you intend to respond. 

Answer the question entirely, not just one thought.  Don't just paraphrase something in the lecture - do some thinking, reading on your own.  Consult additional sources.  It doesn't have to be a long answer, but it should not consist of a single point.  It should also not be a simple yes or no answer, even if you put the word "definitely" in front of it.


In responding to others' answers, feel free to ask them for clarification or for further information to justify their answers.  "I agree" is not a discussion.  Neither is a paraphrase of their post.  Your response should add something to the original post, ask, or answer a question.  Ask questions like "I wonder why . . .," "Why is it that . . . ," "Do you think . . . ," to encourage others to delve deeper into the subject.  Think of your response as your opportunity to help your colleague to improve his/her writing and to expand their thinking.  If I ask a colleague to review something I write, I expect constructive criticism so that I can make improvements.  I would be disappointed to receive a simple "nice job" response.  Remember that chit chat responses ("I saw that movie, too!") will not be counted toward the response post requirement.  As a matter of fact, those belong in the Water cooler!

Also, you are welcome to respond to as many posts as you like, but again, with something of substance, not just a "me, too!" answer.


Please write in complete sentences and use correct punctuation, capitalization, etc.  We do become accustomed to shorthand in e-mails and text messages, but you should be able to communicate in a more formal manner also, and this is a good forum in which to practice.  You will be graded on this as a writing assignment, both on content and form.


Please begin your response posts with the person's name to whom you are responding.  Some of the threads go back and forth between people and when read in compiled format, become very confusing.


These submissions are time and date stamped, so don't miss the deadlines.   I read all of your posts in context, in the discussion forum.  However, when I grade them in Blackboard, I am looking at only your posts, so keep that in mind when you judge your own participation.


Ask Dr. J:  Think of this as raising your hand in class.  This is for clarification or problems that others might be having, as well.   I do appreciate receiving posts when links are missing, or other errors so I can correct them quickly.


Discussion Grading Rubric



Performance Indicators






Original Post Content

No original post.

Incomplete answer or incorrect information.

Answer does not apply knowledge of reading material or other valid sources.

Complete answer showing some knowledge of reading material

Insightful answer well supported by reading material and/or other valid sources


0 points

28 points

32 points

36 points

40 points

Original Post Time

Original post submitted late

Original post by Friday

Original post by Thursday

Original post by Wednesday

Original post by Tuesday


0 points

7 points

8 points

9 points

10 points


No responses including “I agree” responses with no new information

One response missing or one response is an “I agree” response with no new information

One or more responses is less than 3 sentences long or 2 responses that add little information

2 complete responses that include new information

More than 2 complete responses that include new information


0 points

21 points

24 points

27 points

30 points

Posts Read

includes responses

Less than 1/4 read

Less than 1/2 read

Less than 3/4 read

More than 3/4 read

All posts read


0 points

7 points

8 points

9 points

10 points

 Writing Form

Posts unavailable to grade writing form or unacceptable writing form

Multiple errors in punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and sentence form

Several errors in punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and sentence form

Minimal errors in punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and sentence form

Correct punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and sentence form


0 points

7 points

8 points

9 points

10 points


Total points









Submit assignments as  Word documents unless specified otherwise.  Do not try to submit the document without saving it first. 

Be sure and save it to a folder where you can retrieve it later.  Sometimes resubmissions are necessary.


Save the document as Assignment1_YourName.doc (substituting the correct week and correct assignment number and using your own name :-)


Use a heading at the top of the page of each assignment which includes your name and the assignment number.


Upload the Word document in the assignment section as an attachment.

Here's the step-by-step submission process:

1. Click on the ‘Assignments’ tab in the ‘Course Tools’ menu to your left.
2. Click on ‘Assignment 1’
3. Under ‘Submission,’ click on ‘Add attachments’
4. Click on ‘My Computer’ (it may take a minute to load so that you can see it)
5. Navigate to wherever you have your file saved and click on that
6. Click on ‘Open’
7. It will then be attached and will take you back to the Assignment page. You should see the name of your file just above the ‘Add Attachments’ button.
8. You can add a comment if you like, but it isn’t required.
9. Click on ‘Submit’ and you are done.


All assignments should use APA style when citing sources.  Use the author-date method of citation (surname of author without suffixes or titles and the year of publication*).  Whenever in-text citations are used, there should be a reference list at the end of the paper.  Here are some examples of in-text citations:


Early experience contributes to positive results in pitch matching (Adams, 2011).


If the name of the author appears in the text, then cite only the year of publication in the parentheses.

Adams (2011) found that among second grade music students…

When required (direct quotes, statistics, etc.), also provide the page number.

Among those studied, 82% were able to keep a steady beat (Adams, 2011, p. 43).

Note:  Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition.  You will be referring to this manual whenever you have a written assignment that requires citing sources (most of them!).  There are some good online helps, most libraries have the manual, but for your own convenience, you may want to purchase a copy.


Occasionally your assignments may be returned to you for a redo or for revisions.  Make your corrections and resubmit through the Assignment section as before.





 It is very important that you name your file according to the instructions above.  Otherwise, I have to rename each file.  So please take a moment to rename the file before submission if you do not name it as above originally.







  Home    Syllabus    Links    Turnitin    


Created and maintained by Vicky V. Johnson